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【世界杯后巴西的创伤】Brazil suffering 'national trauma' after World Cup  

2014-07-14 19:47:40|  分类: 鸟语花香(澳音) |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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ELEANOR HALL: The World Cup is over for another four years with Germany victorious.

For the host nation, football-mad Brazil, the event was meant to be an opportunity to shake off the trauma of the loss it suffered last time it hosted the Cup more than 60 years ago.

It was also meant to show off the nation's stunning economic development.

But some observers say the event has only inflicted more pain on Brazilians with their team's dramatic semi-final loss.

As Lexi Metherell reports.

COMENTATOR: It's been a brave South American show but Europe in South America have won for the first time. And it's taken a great German team to do it.

LEXI METHERELL: And they did it memorably.

This German team will forever be remembered for their thrashing of host Brazil in the semi-finals.

COMENTATOR: And I suppose if you beat the host nation 7-1 on their own soil, you deserve to make off with the prize.

LEXI METHERELL: It was a competitive final against Argentina. Scoreless in the first 90 minutes, it wasn't until seven minutes before the end of extra time that Germany's Mario Gotze scored the winning goal. He'd been dropped from the semi finals and was a substitute in the final but he sealed the game for Germany 1-0.

COMENTATOR: It's Mario Gotze World Cup.

LEXI METHERELL: Germany will now bask in World Cup glory. The same cannot be said for Brazil.

RALPH NEWMARK: It really is I think a sort of national trauma that's going on at the moment, it's still? they're still stunned I think.

LEXI METHERELL: Some say Brazil still has not recovered from the trauma it suffered the last time it hosted the World Cup, when it lost to rival Uruguay in 1950.

The country has now been re-traumatised by the 7-1 loss to Germany in the semis.

Ralph Newmark is the director of the Institute of Latin American Studies at La Trobe University.

RALPH NEWMARK: I think there's these echoes of history have come back this year because this was the great World Cup that was going to banish the horrors of 1950 and the fact that it didn't, I'm seeing here there's a very interesting psychological issue which I think many Brazilians and myself as well are coming to terms with.

LEXI METHERELL: Dr Newmark says hosting the World Cup again has reminded of Brazilians of their economic history.

RALPH NEWMARK: The way that Brazil has developed, even though there have been wonderful gains, there is such a long way to go, the way that in a sense the elites have become even richer, many people have moved out of a level of poverty, but still, the social services the country even though it's seeing itself and it is to some extent moving up a developing has a lot of people, millions literally, who are in really desperate need.

LEXI METHERELL: And so, it has exposed those sort of fissures in society I suppose and there has been a lot of angst that Brazil has spent $11 billion on this tournament when many of its people still live in really grinding poverty.

Do you think that as result of this and the pressure that has brought to bear on the government it will actually address those issues?

RALPH NEWMARK: Well, I think they're going to have to. I mean it's such a fascinating situation that football or soccer, as we call it, is such, well a religion is possibly the best way to put it. And here is one of the great sort of joys and belief systems that Brazil has had - after all they've won five of these World Cups.

But for it to be... to loose, to see that billions have been spent when it could well have been spent on social matters, I think really could shake the country to an extent, and I think nothing could have done it in such a way as losing the World Cup after spending so much money.

My view would be the government will be under enormous pressure I think to press on with the aspects of helping many of the social issues but it's not going to be easy.

LEXI METHERELL: Even as the final was being played less than two kilometres away, there were clashes between police and protesters, who held up signs questioning the legacy of the Cup.

(Sound of protesters clashing with police)

High inequality is fuelling discontent and after soaring economic growth several years ago, the Brazilian economy has now plateaued.

Brazil's centre left president, Dilma Rousseff of the Workers' Party, is up for election in October.

Victory is not assured for her.

A senior lecturer school of education at the University of Western Sydney's School of Education, Jorge Knijnik, says the Cup has been a mixed success for the government.

JORGE KNIJNIK: Everybody was thinking we'll be international shame, will be embarrassed, but at the end of the day everything worked. It wasn't perfect but everything worked.

The atmosphere was great, everybody was saying this was the best World Cup ever, so I think this is a good point for the government as well.

On the other hand, we saw lots of violations of human rights. Even today during the finals activists put in jail and this very huge, heavy hand of the police on demonstrators that was a step backwards on human rights in Brazil. That needs to be addressed later because that was very bad.

ELEANOR HALL: That's Jorge Knijnik ending Lexi Metherell's report, he's from the University of Western Sydney. 


http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2014/s4045401.htm


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