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【加拿大最高法院推翻禁令 批准医生协助安乐死】Euthanasia laws on the way for Canada  

2015-02-08 13:12:07|  分类: 鸟语花香(澳音) |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Canada has opened the door for doctor-assisted suicides after the nation's Supreme Court reportedly struck down the law, labelling it as unconstitutional.

The century-old law was removed in a unanimous decision after judges ruled that the Criminal Code provision against aiding and abetting someone to commit suicide deprives people suffering from grievous and irremediable medical conditions the right to life, liberty and security of the person.

The court's ruling will allow mentally competent people who gives clear consent to have their life ended by a doctor, Canadian media has reported.

 

The patient must also suffer from a "grievous and irremediable medical condition, including an illness, disease or disability, that causes enduring suffering that is intolerable to the individual in the circumstances of his or her condition", the ruling states.

However, the parameters include psychological pain as well as physical, and the condition does not need to be a fatal one.

Doctors will not be forced to assist in euthanasia procedures if they object.

The ruling has been suspended for a year to give the government time to respond and prepare new legislation.

In that time, it will remain a crime to help somebody commit suicide.

Pro-euthanasia groups such as Dying With Dignity Canada applauded the decision.


http://www.9news.com.au/world/2015/02/07/15/32/canada-strikes-down-ban-on-doctor-assisted-suicides

 

       加拿大最高法院推翻了1993年的禁令,批准医生可以帮助极严重和无法治愈病症患者安乐死。

  加拿大最高法院的法官们做出了一致决定,认为旧的法规损害了加拿大人的权利。

  一个民权组织代表两名患有痛苦且慢性恶化、无法治愈疾病的女子提出了这一上诉。两人在最高法裁决前已经死亡。

  加拿大政府将需要在一年内重新修改安乐死(协助自杀)的法律。如果届时没有修订,该法规也将被废止。

  目前在几个欧洲国家和美国的几个州里,安乐死是合法的。但在加拿大,医生协助自杀仍属非法。违者最高可判入狱14年徒刑。

  加拿大最高法院的裁决书指出,1993年禁止安乐死的法律违反了宪法保障国民生命、自由和安全的精神。

  该裁决虽然没有限定安乐死对象必须是患有绝症,但限制医生协助的安乐死对象必须是患上无法治愈、导致持久的和无法忍受的痛苦病症的成年人。

 

http://www.chinanews.com/gj/2015/02-07/7044118.shtml

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