注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

我的似水流年

寻找记忆中的梦乡

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【转载】澳洲人主要死因:慢性病和自杀  

2015-03-15 14:08:21|  分类: 鸟语花香(澳音) |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

澳洲人健康与福利学院AIHW发表的新研究对澳洲人的主要死因进行了分析。该研究也分析了不同年龄组人群的不同死因。

比如那些年过45岁的人最可能死于慢性疾病,比如冠状动脉心脏疾病,而15-44岁人群最多死于自杀。

73%的女性75岁以后才死亡,而只有58%的男性活到75岁。

尽管慢性病是最大杀手, AIHW的发言人Louise York那些死于慢性病的人在死亡证书上往往有一种以上的死因。

“比如冠状动脉心脏疾病是50%的糖尿病死亡和25%的肾衰竭死亡的协同死因”。

好消息是我们活得更久了,2013年在澳洲有147,678人死亡,其中2/3的人超过75岁。

2012年在世界经合组织国家中,澳洲男性的寿命排名从第6位上升到了第3位,而女性则稳定在第7位。

 

对于出生于2011-13年的澳洲女孩,寿命预期是84.3岁而澳洲男孩的寿命预期是80.1岁。

尽管我们活得更长了,我们的生活质量并没有同步提高。

我们不仅需要在老年时还继续工作,社会还需要成千上万的更多的老年护理者。

30年后,澳洲60岁以上的人数会多于不到20岁的人数,160多万人将超过85岁。

1岁以下儿童的主要死因:产前以及先天不足

1-14岁人群的主要死因:路面交通事故

15-44岁人群的主要死因:自杀

45岁以上人群的主要死因:慢性病,心脏病,脑血管疾病,癌症,老年痴呆症和阿尔茨海默病以及呼吸系统疾病。

http://www.oursteps.com.au/bbs/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1031496&extra=page%3D1

 

 

Suicide, chronic disease among Australia’s biggest killers

 

IT’S SOMETHING none of us really want to think about all that much.
But research released today provides new insight into the leading causes of death among Australians, and what are our biggest killers.
Released by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, the research also analyses the differences in death rates among the country’s different age groups.
For instance, those over 45 are more likely to die of chronic health issues such as coronary heart disease, while tragically suicide remains the biggest killer among people aged between 15 and 44.
Perhaps unsurprisingly, many more women were outliving the blokes with 73 per cent dying after 75 compared to 58 per cent of men.
While chronic illness remains a big killer, AIHW spokesman Louise York pointed out that those who die of chronic disease often have more than one cause of death recorded on their death certificate.
“For example, coronary heart disease was listed as an associated cause of death for 50 per cent of diabetes deaths and 25 per cent of deaths due to kidney failure,” she said.
The good news however, is we are living longer according to the AIHW, there were 147,678 deaths in Australia in 2013, two-thirds of which were in people aged over 75 years.
Among OECD countries in 2012, Australian men improved their ranking from 6th to 3rd, while Australian women remained steady at 7th.
The good news is we are all living longer, so relax.

Current life expectancy figures show that an Australian girl born in 2011—13 can expect to live to 84.3 years and an Australian boy can expect to live to the age of 80.1 years.
“Life expectancy is still lower for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with indigenous males living, on average, 10.6 years less than their non-indigenous counterparts,” Ms York said.
“For indigenous females, this figure is 9.5 years.”
While the news we are living longer may sound good, research released in August last year reveals it will come at a cost, as our quality of life isn’t increasing at the same rapid rate.
Not only will we be forced to work longer to support ourselves in our older age, but we will need thousands more aged care workers to cope.
In just three decades, Australia will have more people aged over 60 than under 20, and more than 1.6 million people aged over 85, according to McCrindle Research which provided a startling insight into future ageing and population projections.


Research founder Mark McCrindle warned that while our life expectancy looks great, the quality of our life might not be so rosy as medical intervention meant people were living longer but it came at a cost.


Leading causes of death aged under 1:
Peri-natal and congenital conditions.
Leading causes of death among 1-14:
Land transport accidents
Leading causes of death among 15-44:
Suicide
Leading causes of death among over 45:
Chronic disease, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancers, dementia and Alzheimer disease and respiratory conditions.

http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/suicide-chronic-disease-among-australias-biggest-killers/story-fneuz9ev-1227261034281


  评论这张
 
阅读(252)| 评论(0)
推荐

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017